When should you worry about your decreased appetite? Appetite is not always blessing as increased appetite is a common problem of gaining weight and get obese. You should only worry when your Body Mass Index (BMI) is less than 18.50. When your BMI is less than 18.50, you are underweight.
Decreased appetite to food is not as common as you may think. Decreased appetite to food is a major reason of being underweight. Let’s discuss about two method of boosting your appetite.
Way 1: Increase Appetite by Changing Your Bad Habits
1. Be an early riser: You shouldn’t fast more than 8 to 10 hours. Fasting may lead to increased acidity on your stomach. Increased acidity may ultimately lead to decreased appetite. If you are a late riser, try to get rise early. Do some light exercise. It’ll increase your appetite especially to those who can’t have their breakfast in morning even if they are hungry. Some light examples may be Pull-ups, Push-up, Sit-ups, Squats etc. Take a short break and within few minutes you’ll feel hungry and a better appetite than the previous days.
2. Don’t Skip Your Breakfast: Always take your breakfast as soon as you feel hungry. Don’t skip your breakfast; skipping breakfast is an unhealthy habit that must avoid for the people who don’t have appetite.
3. Do some exercise: Doing some light exercise can really help to stimulate your appetite.Our body is designed to crave more energy from food after burning calories, so exercise make always feel hungrier than before. If you are underweight you shouldn’t take vigorous exercise because even if you will feel hungrier but ultimately you will burn more energy than you consume.
4. Eat faster: Research has shown that when you eat too fast the brain can’t catch that you have eaten enough. Scientists say it takes approximately 20 minutes from the time you start eating for your brain to start sending out signals that it’s full.By eating faster, you can prevent your body to send satiety signal into your brain. So choose a food that takes little time and effort to eat and doesn’t take longer than 20 minutes.
5. Avoid watching TV while eating: Many will say watching your favorite TV show while eating distracts you and make you have much food! This is wrong while you are particularly lack of appetite. Never watch TV while you are eating because it will delay your meal time and ultimately prevents you to take enough food for your body.
6. Drink less while eating: Drinking too much while taking your food increase satiety and decrease appetite to the food. You should drink as less as you can during meal time. However you should drink enough water a day. Drinking can help with digestion and ensure that there is not too much food in the stomach at any given time.
7. Avoid fiber rich food: Fiber rich food is considered as a healthy diet for normal persons. However they are not easily digestible and can be extremely filling. Fiber rich foods take longer for your body to process them than other types of food.For this reason people who are trying to eat less take fiber rich food. You should take fiber rich foods only in moderation especially when trying to increase your appetite.
8. Avoid certain foods before taking the main mean: Frequent meal is good to build towards a healthy appetite but you should identify and avoid those foods, for example apple, that help promote a feeling of fullness.
Way 2: Increase Appetite with Appetite Stimulants
Appetite is a strong desire for food. It differs from hunger in that the hunger is an uncomfortable sensation caused by lack of food. Appetite is not always associated with hunger. You may have appetite even if you are not hunger, similarly you may not have appetite even if you are hunger.
Loss of appetite may lead to a type of malnutrition known as under-nutrition where food intake falls below a recommended daily allowance of calories. So if you have persistent loss of appetite you should see a physician. Your physician may prescribe you with one of the following drugs.
Mirtazapine: Loss of appetite may be a cause of depression. If you are diagnosed with depression the physician may treat you with drugs,for example mirtazapine,that regulate serotonin level in your brain and/or stomach. Mirtazapine is a very potent drug, so you must consult a physician before taking this drug. You may feel weakness and dizzy when you take this drug.
Cyproheptadine: Another widely used drug to treat loss of appetite is Cyproheptadine. It is an antihistaminic drug that you usually take to relieve the symptoms of common colds, nasal allergies, and pruritis. You may feel weakness and dizzy when you take this drug. Consult your doctor before taking this drug.
Prokinetic Agents: Occasionally you may feel full stomach even if it’s your next meal time. Prokinetic agents such as metoclopramide, domperidone etc help you empty the food in your stomach and hence improve your appetite to food.You should see a doctor or pharmacist and ask if you need a prokinetic agent to treat your condition.
Megestrol acetate: It is a derivative of female sex hormone progestin. This drug is used in patients who have loss their appetite due to life threatening illness such as AIDS. You should consult a physician before taking this drug.
Certain B vitamins such as, B12 and Folic acid are also used to increase appetite. You can take themes tablet or through injections which your doctor can prescribe. It is recommended that you take 1 cc. of each, two times a week.
Zinc is a very widely used mineral that can be taken either in tablet form in adult or as syrup in children to increase their appetite. Zinc is also believed to stimulate testosterone production. Some foods which contain high levels of zinc include: oysters, chicken, beef shank, pork chops, wheat bran, cashew nuts and pumpkin seeds.